10.05.2024 | Engelage Zuzana | Poslední aktualizace: 10.06.2023
Lesotho, officially known as the Kingdom of Lesotho, is a small landlocked country located in the southern part of Africa, inside the RSA..

Known as the "Mountain Kingdom", Lesotho is surrounded by South Africa and boasts some of the highest mountains in Southern Africa.

Lesotho's history is closely linked to the Sotho people, who probably migrated to the area in the 16th century. The Sotho created a series of independent chiefdoms that were eventually subordinated to King Moshoeshoe I in the early 19th century. Moshoeshoe I is revered as the founder of the Basotho nation and his legacy is still felt in Lesotho today.

Lesotho gained independence from Great Britain in 1966 and has since developed a stable political system. However, the country faces many problems, including poverty, unemployment and a high incidence of HIV/AIDS.

One of Lesotho's unique features is its geographical location. The country is home to some of the highest mountains in southern Africa - over 80% of its land area lies at an altitude of over 1 800 metres. Particularly prominent is the Maloti Mountains, which form Lesotho's eastern border and whose peaks rise to over 3 400 metres.

Lesotho's rugged terrain has shaped the country's culture and way of life. The Basotho are renowned for their horsemanship and horses are still an important means of transport in many rural areas. Traditional clothing, such as the Basotho blanket, is also a key part of Basotho culture.

Lesotho is also home to a number of unique plant and animal species. The Maloti minnow, a tiny fish found only in the high mountain streams of the Maloti Mountains, is one of the rarest fish species in the world.The country is also home to a number of bird species, including the bearded vulture, which is Lesotho's national bird.
Tourism is an important industry in Lesotho and visitors come here to see the stunning mountain scenery, experience the Basotho culture and enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking, horse riding and skiing.

In conclusion, Lesotho is a small but fascinating country with a rich history, unique culture and breathtaking natural beauty. Despite its problems, Lesotho maintains a stable political system and is working towards a prosperous future.Whether you are interested in history, culture or outdoor activities, Lesotho has something to offer every traveller.

Zuzana, your South Africa guide

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